United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866

An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.

Pennsylvania Delegation

This is one of the 41 delegations in the convention, accounting for 27 of 275 people who took part.

Members (27):

Name Visualize Details Delegations
Sydenham E. Ancona Visualize (20 November, 1824 -- June 20, 1913) Ancona was an American politician and businessman. Born in Lancaster County, Pa., Ancona was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-seventh, Thirty-eighth, and Thirty-ninth Congresses. Afterwards, he became involved with the trust, fire-insurance, and relief-association businesses in Reading, Pa. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Abraham A. Barker Visualize "(March 30, 1816 -- March 18, 1898) Abraham Andrews Barker was a farmer, businessman, merchant, engaged in the lumber business, soldier, public servant, and American politician. Barker was born in Lovell, Oxford County, Maine and moved to Carrolltown, Pennsylvania in 1854. Barker was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1860. He served in Company E, Fourth Regiment, Pennsylvania Emergency Troops, in the Civil War. He was elected as a Republican to the 39th Congress (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1867) and was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1866 and 1872. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=B000142]" Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation)
Benjamin M. Boyer Visualize "(January 22, 1823 -- August 16, 1887) Benjamin Markley Boyer was a lawyer, judge, and American politician. Boyer was born in Pottstown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1844. He was a deputy attorney general of Montgomery County (1848-1850) and was appointed judge of Montgomery County Court (1882 until his death 1887). Boyer was elected as a Democrat to the 39th and 40th Congress (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1869), and was not reelected in 1868. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=B000723]" Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
John M. Broomall Visualize (19 January, 1816 -- June 3, 1894) Broomall was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier. Born in Delaware County, Pa., Broomall studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1840. Broomall was a member of the State house of representatives in 1851 and also 1852. In the Civil War, Broomall was captain of Company C, Twenty-ninth Regiment. Broomall elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth Congresses. Later, Broomall participated in the State constitutional convention in 1874. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Charles R. Buckalew Visualize (28 December, 1821 -- 19 May, 1899) Buckalew was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Fishing Creek Township, Columbia County, Pa., Buckalew studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1843. Buckalew was a member of the State senate from 1850 to 1853 and later from 1857 to 1858 and 1869. Buckalew was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1862. Later, Buckalew was elected as a Democrat to the Fiftieth and Fifty-first Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Alexander H. Coffroth Visualize (18 May, 1828 --2 September, 1906) Coffroth was an American politician and lawyer. Born in Somerset County, Pa., Coffroth studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1851. Coffroth was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth Congress and was reelected to the Thirty-ninth Congress and served until July 18th, 1866 when the election was contested and William H. Koontz replaced his seat. Afterwards, Coffroth was elected to the Forty-sixth Congress. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Edgar Cowan Visualize (19 September, 1815 -- 31 August, 1885) Cowan was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Westmoreland County, Pa., Cowan studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1842. Cowan was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1860, serving in the Thirty-seventh, Thirty-eighth, and Thirty-ninth Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Charles V. Culver Visualize "(September 6, 1830 -- January 10, 1909) Charles Vernon Culver was a(n) merchant, establisher of banks, and American politician. Culver was born in Logan, Hocking County, Ohio and moved to Reno, Venango County, Pennsylvania. Culver helped to develop oil in Venango County, Pennsylvania and helped establish national banks in 13 cities throughout the east. He was elected as a Republican to the 39th Congress (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1867) and was not reelected in 1866. While he was a member of Congress he became bankrupt and was imprisoned in 1866, but he was later acquitted. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=C000977]" Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation)
John L. Dawson Visualize (7 February, 1813 -- 18 September, 1870) Dawson was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Fayette County, Pa., Dawson studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1835. Dawson was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses and was later elected to the Thirty-eighth and Thirty-ninth Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Charles Denison Visualize (23 January, 1818 -- 27 June, 1867) Denison was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Wyoming Valley, Pa., Denison studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1840. Denison was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Adam J. Glossbrenner Visualize "(August 31, 1810 -- March 1, 1889) Adam John Glossbrenner was a(n) printer, publisher, clerk, Sergeant at Arms, secretary, and American politician. Glossbrenner was born in Hagerstown, Washington County, Maryland and moved to York, Pennsylvania in 1829. He published the Wester Telegraph in Hamilton, Ohio; was a partner in the York Gazette (1835), and established the Philadelphia Age (1862). He was a clerk in, the State house of representatives (1836), House of Representatives during the 28th and 29th Congresses (1843 - 1847), and Department of State at Washington, D.C. (1848 - 1849). He was Sergeant at Arms of the house of Representatives (1850 - 1860) and private secretary to President Buchanan (1860 and 1861). Adam was elected as a democrat to the 39th and 40th congresses (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1869), and was not reelected in 1868. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774- Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=G000242]" Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Philip Johnson Visualize (17 January, 1818 -- 29 January, 1867) Johnson was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Warren County, N.J., Johnson studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1848. Johnson was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-seventh, Thirty-eighth, and Thirty-ninth Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
William D. Kelley Visualize (12 April, 1814 -- 9 January, 1890) Kelley was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Philadelphia, Pa., Kelley studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1841. Kelley was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-seventh and to the fourteen succeeding Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
William H. Koontz Visualize "(July 15, 1830 -- July 4, 1911) William Henry Koontz was a(n) lawyer, public servant, counsel for a railroad, and American politician. He was born in Somerset, Somerset County, Pennsylvania. William studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1851. Koontz was a district attorney for Somerset County (1853-1856), delegate to the Republican National Convention (1860), Prothonotary and clerk of the county court (1861 - 1868), member of the state house of representatives (1899-1902), and counsel for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company. Koontz successfully contested as a Republican the election of Alexander Coffroth to the 39th Congress and was elected to the 40th Congress (July 18, 1866 - March 3, 1869), was not reelected. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=K000311]" Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
George V. Lawrence Visualize "(November 13, 1818 -- October 2, 1904) George Van Eman Lawrence was a(n) farmer, public servant, and American politician. Lawrence was born in Washington County, Pennsylvania. He served as member of the State house of representatives (1844, 1847, 1858, 1859, and 1893-1896) and as a member of the State senate (1849-1851, 1861-1863, 1875, 1876, and 1878). Lawrence also presided over the senate in 1863 and was a delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1872. George was elected as a republican to the 39th, 40, and 48th Congresses (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1869 and March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1885) and was not reelected in 1868 or 1884. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=L000134]" Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Ulysses Mercur Visualize "(August 12, 1818 -- June 6, 1887) Ulysses Mercur was a(n) lawyer, public servant, judge, and American politician. Ulysses was born in Towanda, Bradford County, Pennsylvania. Mercur studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1843. He was the presiding judge of the 13th judicial district of Pennsylvania (1861 - March 4, 1865) until he resigned, associate justice of the supreme court of Pennsylvania (1872-1883), and was appointed chief justice in 1883 until his death in 1887. Mercur also served as a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1856. He was elected as a republican to the 39th, 40th, 41st, and 42nd Congresses (March 4, 1865 - December 2, 1873), when he resigned to accept a judicial position. During his time on Congress, he served on the Committee on Private Land Claims (42nd Congress). [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=M000646]" Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
George F. Miller Visualize "(September 5, 1809 -- October 21, 1885) George Funston Miller was a(n) lawyer, member of a board of curators, scribe, secretary, president of a railroad, and American politician. Miller was born in Chillisquaque Township, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. Miller studied law and was admitted to the bar of Union County May 15, 1833. He was a member of a board of curators of the University at Lewisburg (1846-1882), scribe of curators (1847 - 1851), secretary of the board of trustees of Bucknell University (1848 - 1864), and president of the Lewisburg, Centre & Spruce Creek Railroad. George was elected as a Republican to the 39th and 40th Congresses (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1869). [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=M000726]" Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
James K. Moorhead Visualize (7 September, 1806 -- 6 March, 1884) Moorhead was an American businessman and politician. Born in Halifax, Dauphin County, Pa., Moorhead projected and established the first passenger packet line on the Pennsylvania Canal in 1835. Moorhead was the President of Monongahela Navigation Canal for twenty-one years and the President of Atlantic & Ohio Telegraph Co. Moorhead was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and to the four succeeding Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Pennsylvania Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Leonard Myers Visualize (13 November, 1827 -- 11 February, 1905) Myers was an American lawyer, soldier, and politician. Born in Bucks County, Pa., Myers studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1848. During the Civil War, Myers was major of the Ninth Regiment, Pennsylvania Militia. Myers was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth Congresses and successfully contested a seat into the Forty-first Congress. Afterwards he was reelected into the Forty-second and Forty-third Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Charles O'Neill Visualize (21 March, 1821 -- 25 November, 1893) O'Neill was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Philadelphia, Pa., O'Neill studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1843. O'Neill served as a member of the State house of representatives from 1850 to 1852 and in 1860. O'Neill also served as a member of the State senate in 1853. O'Neill elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Nineteenth Amendment and Edmunds Tucker Act) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Samuel J. Randall Visualize (10 October, 1828 -- 13 April, 1890) Randall was an American politician, soldier, and businessman. Born in Philadelphia, Pa., Randall served in various local positions like as a member of the common council of Philadelphia (1852-1855) and as a member of the State senate (1858 and 1859). Randall was a captain in the Union Army and was later promoted to provost marshal at Gettysburg. Randall was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth and to the thirteen succeeding Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Nineteenth Amendment and Edmunds Tucker Act) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Glenni W. Scofield Visualize (11 March, 1817 -- 30 August, 1891) Scofield was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Chautauqua County, N.Y., Scofield studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1842, afterwards commencing practice in Pennsylvania. Scofield was a member of the State house of representatives from 1849 to 1851 and the State senate from 1857 to 1859. Scofield was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and to the five succeeding Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Thaddeus Stevens Visualize (4 April, 1792 -- 11 August, 1868) Stevens was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Caledonia County, Vt., Stevens moved to Pennsylvania in 1815. Afterwards, Stevens studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1816. Stevens was a member of the State house of representatives from 1833 to 1835, 1837, and 1841. Additionally, Stevens participated as a delegate in the State constitutional convention in 1838. Stevens was elected as a Whig to the Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses and later elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and to the four succeeding Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Pennsylvania Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Myer Strouse Visualize (16 December, 1825 -- 11 February, 1878) Strouse was a German American lawyer and politician. Born in Bavaria, Germany, Strouse immigrated with his father to the United States in 1832. Strouse studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1855. Strouse was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth and Thirty-ninth Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
M. Russell Thayer Visualize (27 January, 1819 -- 14 October, 1906) Thayer was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Petersburg, Va., Thayer moved with his father to Pennsylvania in 1837. Thayer studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1842. Thayer was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and Thirty-ninth Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Thomas Williams Visualize (28 August, 1806 -- 16 June, 1872) Williams was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Westmoreland County, Pa., Williams studied law and was admitted to the bar 1828. Williams was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Stephen F. Wilson Visualize "(September 4, 1821 -- March 30, 1897) Stephen Fowler Wilson was a(n) lawyer, public servant, judge, and American politician. Wilson was born in Columbia, Pennsylvania. He studied law and was admitted to the bar. He held several local offices, was a member of the State senate (1863 - 1865), and was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1864. He was appointed as an additional judge of the 4th district of Pennsylvania to fill a vacancy (1871), elected additional judge and served ten years, appointed associate justice of the supreme court of the Territory of New Mexico by President Arthur (October 16, 1884), and president judge of the fourth judicial district of Pennsylvania (1887 - 1889). He was elected as a Republican to the 39th and 40th Congresses (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1869). [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=W000613]" Pennsylvania Delegation (This negotiation) , Pennsylvania Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)