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The Quill Project studies the history of negotiated texts. It is a research project based at Pembroke College, Oxford.

Using the records of the processes that have created constitutions, treaties, or legislation, it offers a recreation of the contexts within which decisions were made, visualizations allow the process of negotiation to be understood and explored, and commentary on specific points of interest.

Watch our video introduction to negotiated texts and Quill Project.

Our flagship project examines the work of the 1787 Constitutional Convention that created the Constitution of the United States.

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View the negotiation processes modelled by the Quill platform.

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Text Finders

Resources to help you find particular texts or points of interest within our records.

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Introduction to Negotiated Texts icon

Quick Introduction

An introduction to the nature of formal negotiations and how our platform lets you explore them.

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Flagship project: Constitutional Convention 1787

The Constitution of the United States of America was written by a Constitutional Convention held in the summer of 1787. Between May and September, a group of delegates from most states met in secret to negotiate a text that was then presented to the states of the Union.

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Constitutional signing image

Latest Project: 1895 Utah Constitutional Convention

The Constitution for the State of Utah was written in a constitutional convention held in Salt Lake City in 1895. The proceedings of this convention have been edited by students at the Center for Constitutional Studies at Utah Valley University.

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View the resource collections held by or linked to by the Quill platform.

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View the commentary collections that will help you to understand particular issues.

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