The Civil Rights Act of 1875

John B. Hawley

(February 9, 1831 — May 24, 1895) John Baldwin Hawley was an American politician and lawyer. Hawley was born in Hawleyville, Connecticut in 1831, and moved to Illinois in 1833 with his parents. He attended Jacksonville College, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1854. Hawley acted as the State’s attorney from 1856 to 1860. During the Civil War he served in the Union Army and was made captain of a company in the Illinois Volunteer Infantry. Hawley was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives and served from March 4, 1869 to March 3, 1875. After serving in Congress, he was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury from 1877 to 1880. In 1880, he returned to practicing law and later acted as general attorney for the Northwestern Railroad Company until his death in 1895. [Source: “Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 - Present,” available at]

Member of Illinois Delegation - The Civil Rights Act of 1875 [this display].

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