John B. Hay

Quill platform ID: p15382.

(January 8, 1834 — June 16, 1916) John Breese Hay was a lawyer, politician, and judge. Hay was born in Belleville, Illinois in 1834. Growing up he received limited school but Hay learned printing. After studying law, he was admitted to the bar in 1851 and became the prosecuting attorney for the twenty-fourth judicial district in Illinois. He served in that capacity from 1860 to 1868. During the Civil War, he enlisted in the Union Army and served un the One Hundred and Thirtieth Regiment of the Illinois Volunteer Infantry. After the war, Hay was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives and served from March 4, 1869 to March 3, 1873. After serving in Congress, he was postmaster of Belleville, judge of St. Clair County Court, and mayor of Belleville for four years in 1901. Hay finished off his career as a county judge, serving from 1905 to 1914. He died in Belleville in 1916. [Source: “Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 - Present,” available at]

Member of Illinois Delegation—The Civil Rights Act of 1875.

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