(6 January 1706 – 17 April 1790)
Author, printer, political theorist, postmaster, scientist, inventor, humourist and diplomat. Having become a successful printer and author he began to devote his time to science and public life. He was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly and for several years was based in London, emerging as a leading spokesman on American affairs. Having returned from Britain he was chosen as a delegate to the Continental Congress and helped to draw up the Declaration of Independence. He was first US Postmaster, and Ambassador to France and Sweden. He was chosen as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and was President of Pennsylvania. Had once been a small slaveholder but had become an abolitionist before the Revolution.