An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.
Quill platform ID: p8263.
"(February 4, 1826 -- April 14, 1905) Halbert Eleazer Paine was a(n) teacher, lawyer, soldier, general, commissioner of patents, and American politician. Paine was born in Chardon, Geauga County, Ohio and moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1857. Halbert studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1848. He entered the Union Army (Mary 1861) as a colonel of the 4th Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteers, promoted to the rank of brigadier general (March 13, 1863) and was brevetted major general March 13, 1865 and resigned on May 15, 1865. He was appointed Commissioner of Patents by President Grant (November 1, 1878 - May 7, 1880). Paine was elected as a Republican to the 39th, 40th, and 41st Congresses (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1871), served as Chairman on the Committee on Militia (40th Congress), on the Committee on Election (41st Congress), and was not reelected in 1870. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present, available at, https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=P000028]"
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