United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866

An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to Black Americans, including those who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.

Joseph H. Defrees

Quill platform ID: p8194.

"(May 13, 1812 -- December 21, 1885) Joseph Hutton Defrees was a blacksmith, printer, banker, sheriff, businessman, writer, and American politician. He was born in Sparta, White County, Tennessee and moved to South Bend, Indiana in 1831. Defrees established the Northwestern Pioneer. He was appointed county agent and was the sheriff of Elkhart County (1835 - 1840). He was a member of the State house of representatives in 1849 and 1872. He was also a state senator from 1850 to 1854. He assisted in the construction of the Goshen Hydraulic Works and was the director of the Cincinnati & Michigan Railroad, where he was the first president. He was elected as a Republican to the 39th Congress from March 4, 1865 to March 3, 1867 and was not a candidate for renomination. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=D000192]"

Member of Indiana Delegation—United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866.

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