United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866

An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.

Maryland Delegation

This is one of the 41 delegations in the convention, accounting for 7 of 275 people who took part.

Members (7):

Name Visualize Details Delegations
John A. J. Creswell Visualize (18 November, 1828 -- 23 December, 1891) Creswell was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Cecil County, Md., Creswell studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1850. Creswell was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth Congress serving from March 4th, 1863 to March 3rd, 1865 and was later elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Thomas H. Hicks, serving from March 9th, 1865 to March 3rd, 1867. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Maryland Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Maryland Delegation (This negotiation)
Benjamin G. Harris Visualize (13 December, 1805 -- 4 April, 1895) Harris was an American lawyer and politician. Born in St. Mary’s County, Md., Harris studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1840. Harris was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth and Thirty-ninth Congress, serving from March 4th, 1863 to March 3rd, 1867 when he was censured for treasonable utterances and tried for harboring Confederate soldiers. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Maryland Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Maryland Delegation (This negotiation)
Reverdy Johnson Visualize (21 May, 1796 -- 10 February, 1876) Johnson was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Annapolis, Md., Johnson studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1815. While practicing in Baltimore, Johnson was a member of the State senate from 1821 to 1829. Johnson was elected to the United States Senate as a Whig and served from March 4th, 1845 to March 7th, 1849 when he accepted an appointment as Attorney General. Afterwards, Johnson was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4th, 1863 to July 10th, 1868. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Maryland Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Maryland Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Maryland Delegation (This negotiation)
Hiram McCullough Visualize "(September 26, 1813 -- March 4, 1885) Hiram McCullough was a lawyer, codifier, public servant, and American politician. McCullough was born near Elkton, Cecil County, Maryland. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1837. He served as a member of the State senate (1845 - 1851), was delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1864 and 1868, and was a member of the State house of delegates in 1880 and 1881 where he served as speaker in 1880. McCullough was appointed as one of the codifiers of the laws of Maryland (1850) and for many years was counsel for Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad. He was elected as a Democrat to the 39th and 40th Congress (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1869). [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=M000395]" Maryland Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Maryland Delegation (This negotiation)
Charles E. Phelps Visualize "(May 1, 1833 -- December 27, 1908) Charles Edward Phelps was a lawyer, public servant, soldier, commissioner of public schools, judge, member of law faculty at a university, and an American politician. Phelps was born in Guilford, Windham County, Vermont and moved to Maryland in 1841. Phelps studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1855. He was elected a member of the Baltimore City Council (1860). He entered the Union Army (August 20, 1862) as a lieutenant colonel of the 7th Regiment, member of the Maryland Volunteers, was promoted to colonel (April 13, 1864), and was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor March 30, 1898 for action at Laurel Hill. He was a judge on the supreme bench of the city of Baltimore (1882 - 1908) and was a member of the law faculty of the University of Maryland (1884 - 1907). Phelps was elected as a Unconditional Unionist to the 39th Congress and reelected as a Conservative to the 40th Congress from March 4, 1865 to March 3, 1869. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=P000292]" Maryland Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Maryland Delegation (This negotiation)
Francis Thomas Visualize (3 February, 1799 -- 22 January, 1876) Thomas was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Frederick County, Md., Thomas studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1820. Thomas was elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-second through Twenty-fourth Congresses and as a Democrat to the Twenty-fifth and Twenty-sixth Congresses. After serving as governor of Maryland from 1841 to 1844, Thomas was a member of the Maryland State constitutional convention in 1850 and then was elected as a Unionist to the Thirty-seventh Congress, as an Unconditional Unionist to the Thirty-eighth and Thirty-ninth Congresses, and as a Republican to the Fortieth Congress. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Maryland Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Maryland Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Maryland Delegation (The Road to Civil War) , Maryland Delegation (This negotiation)
John L. Thomas, Jr. Visualize "(May 20, 1835 -- October 15, 1893) John Lewis Thomas Jr. was a lawyer, city solicitor, public servant, a collector of the port, and American politician. Thomas was born in Baltimore, Maryland. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1856. He was city counselor of Cumberland in 1856 and 1857, was city solicitor of Baltimore from 1860 to 1862, and was a States attorney (1863-1865). He was a delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1863 and was a collector of the port of Baltimore Maryland (1869-1873 and 1877 - 1882). Thomas was elected as a Unconditional Unionist to the 39th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Edwin Webster (December 4, 1865 - March 3, 1867), was not reelected to the 40th Congress. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United states Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=T000174]" Maryland Delegation (This negotiation)