United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866

An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.

Indiana Delegation

This is one of the 41 delegations in the convention, accounting for 14 of 275 people who took part.

Members (14):

Name Visualize Details Delegations
Schuyler Colfax Visualize (23 March, 1823 -- 13 January, 1885) Colfax was an American politician and was Vice President of the United States from 1869 to 1873. Born in New York City, Colfax moved to Indiana in 1836. Colfax was a member of the State constitutional convention in 1850; unsuccessful Whig candidate for election to the Thirty-second Congress, however, was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-fourth and to the six succeeding Congresses. Within the Thirty-eighth, Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth Congresses, Colfax was the Speaker of the House of Representatives. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Indiana Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Indiana Delegation (This negotiation) , Indiana Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Indiana Delegation (The Road to Civil War)
Joseph H. Defrees Visualize "(May 13, 1812 -- December 21, 1885) Joseph Hutton Defrees was a blacksmith, printer, banker, sheriff, businessman, writer, and American politician. He was born in Sparta, White County, Tennessee and moved to South Bend, Indiana in 1831. Defrees established the Northwestern Pioneer. He was appointed county agent and was the sheriff of Elkhart County (1835 - 1840). He was a member of the State house of representatives in 1849 and 1872. He was also a state senator from 1850 to 1854. He assisted in the construction of the Goshen Hydraulic Works and was the director of the Cincinnati & Michigan Railroad, where he was the first president. He was elected as a Republican to the 39th Congress from March 4, 1865 to March 3, 1867 and was not a candidate for renomination. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=D000192]" Indiana Delegation (This negotiation)
Ebenezer Dumont Visualize (23 November, 1814 -- 16 April, 1871) Dumont was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Vevay, Indiana, after admittance to the bar Dumont commenced practice in Vevay. Dumont was a member of the State house of representatives in 1838 and later from 1850 to 1853. In the Civil War, Dumont was a brigadier general of Volunteers from September 3, 1861, and served until February 28, 1863. Dumont was elected as a Unionist to the Thirty-eighth Congress and reelected as a Republican to the Thirty-ninth Congress. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Indiana Delegation (This negotiation) , Indiana Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
John H. Farquhar Visualize "(December 20, 1818 -- October 1, 1873) John Hanson Farquhar was an engineer, lawyer, soldier, banker, and American politician. Farquhar was born in Union Bridge, Carrol County, Maryland and moved to Richmond, Indiana in 1833. He was an assistant engineer on the White River Canal (1840). He studied law and was admitted to the bar. He was a secretary of the State senate in 1842 and 1843. He was chief clerk of the State of representatives in 1844. Farquhar served as a captain in the 19th infantry of the Regular Army in the Civil War. He was also appointed as secretary of state by Governor Conrad Baker. John was elected as a republican to the 39th Congress from March 4, 1865 to March 3, 1867 and was not a successful candidate for renomination in 1866. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=F000026]" Indiana Delegation (This negotiation)
Thomas A. Hendricks Visualize (7 September, 1819 -- 25 November, 1885) Hendricks was an American lawyer, politician and was Vice President of the United States from March 1885 until his death that year. Born in Zanesville, Ohio, Hendricks moved to Indiana in 1820. In 1843, Hendricks was admitted to the bar and was a member of the State house of representatives in 1848. Hendricks was a member of the state constitutional convention and was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses. Later, Hendricks was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1863 to March 3, 1869. Hendricks also served as the Governor of Indiana in 1872. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Indiana Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Indiana Delegation (This negotiation) , Indiana Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Ralph Hill Visualize "(October 12, 1827 -- Augusty 20, 1899) Ralph Hill was a teacher, lawyer, collector of internal revenue, and American politician. Hill was born in Trumbull County, Ohio and moved to Columbus, Indiana in March 1852. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1851. He established a select school in Austinburg, Ohio in November 1851. He also served as a collector of internal revenue for the third district of Indiana (1869-1875). He was elected as a Republican to the 39th Congress and served from March 4, 1865 to March 3, 1867, he was not re-elected in 1866. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=H000604]" Indiana Delegation (This negotiation)
George W. Julian Visualize (5 May, 1817 -- 7 July, 1899) Julian was an American lawyer and politician. Julian was born in Centerville, Wayne County, Ind. and was admitted to the bar in 1840. Julian was a member of the State house of representatives in 1845. Julian was elected as a Free-Soiler to the Thirty-first Congress. Later, Julian was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-seventh and to the four succeeding Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Indiana Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Indiana Delegation (This negotiation) , Indiana Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Indiana Delegation (The Road to Civil War)
Michael C. Kerr Visualize "(March 15, 1827 -- August 19, 1876) Michael Crawford Kerr was a lawyer, reporter, and American politician. He was born in Titusville, Crawford County, Pennsylvania and moved to practice law in New Albany, Indiana in 1852. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1852. He was a city attorney for New Albany (1854) and prosecuting attorney of Floyd Country in 1855. Kerr was also a reporter of the supreme court of Indiana from 1862 to 1865. He served as a member of the State house of representatives in 1856 and 1857. Kerr was elected as a Democrat to the 39th,40th, 41st, and 42nd Congressed from March 4, 1865 to March 3, 1873. He was not reelected in 1872 for the 43rd Congress. Kerr was elected to the 44th Congress from March 4, 1875 to his death, where he served as the Speaker of the House of Representatives. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=K000143]" Indiana Delegation (This negotiation) , Indiana Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)
Henry S. Lane Visualize (24 February, 1811 -- 18 June, 1881) Lane was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Sharpsburg, Ky., Lane was admitted to the bar in Mount Sterling, Ky. in 1832 and began practice in Crawfordsville, Indiana in 1834. Lane was a member of the State senate in 1837 and the State house of representatives from 1838 to 1839. Lane was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-sixth Congress to fill the vacancy left by the resignation of Tilghman A. Howard. Lane was reelected to the Twenty-seventh Congress and served from August 3, 1840 to March 3, 1843. Lane was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1861 to March 3, 1867. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Indiana Delegation (This negotiation) , Indiana Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Indiana Delegation (The Road to Civil War)
William E. Niblack Visualize (May 19, 1822 -- May 7, 1893) William Ellis Niblack was a lawyer, surveyor, judge, and American politician. Niblack was born in Dubois County, Indiana. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1843. He was the surveyor of Dubois County. He served as a member of the state house of representatives in 1849, 1850, 1862, and 1863. and was also a member of the state senate from 1850 - 1853. He was a judge for the circuit court of the third judicial district (January 1854 - October 1859) when he resigned. William served as a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1864, 1868, and 1876. He was also a judge of the supreme court of Indiana from 1877 to 1889. He was elected as a Democrat to the 39th Congress to fill a vacancy caused by the death of James Lockhart. He was re-elected to the 36th Congress (December 7, 1857 - March 3, 1861). Niblack was not reelected in 1860. He was elected as a Democrat to the 39th, 40th, 41st, 42nd, and 43rd Congresses (March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1875) and was not reelected in 1874. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Indiana Delegation (This negotiation) , Indiana Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Indiana Delegation (The Road to Civil War)
Godlove S. Orth Visualize (22 April, 1817 -- 16 December, 1882) Orth was an American lawyer and politician. Orth was born in Lebanon, Pa.. Orth was admitted to the bar in 1839 and began practice in LaFayette, Indiana. Orth was a member of the State senate from 1843 to 1848, serving one year as president. Orth was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses and later was elected as a Republican to the Forty-sixth and Forty-seventh Congresses. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Indiana Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment) , Indiana Delegation (This negotiation) , Indiana Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65)
Thomas N. Stilwell Visualize "(August 29, 1830 -- January 14, 1874) Thomas Neel Stilwell was a lawyer, soldier, minister resident, president of a bank, and American politician. Thomas was born in Stilwell, Ohio and moved to Anderson, Indiana in 1852. Stillwell studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1852. He was a member of the state house of representatives in 1856. He also served in the Union Army in the Civil War. Stilwell was a Minister Resident to Venezuela (1867 and 1868) and was president of the first National Bank of Anderson Indian until his death, as a result of a gunshot wound. Stilwell was elected as a Republican to the 39th Congress from March 4, 1865 to March 3, 1867, and was not re-elected in 1866. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=S000926]" Indiana Delegation (This negotiation)
Daniel W. Voorhees Visualize (26 September, 1827 -- 10 April, 1897) Voorhees was an American lawyer and politician. Born in Liberty Township, Butler County, Ohio, Voorhees moved with his parents to Indiana. Voorhees was admitted to the bar in 1851 and commenced practice in Covington, Indiana. Voorhees was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-seventh and Thirty-eighth Congresses, presented credentials as a Member-elect to the Thirty-ninth Congress, and served from March 4, 1865 to February 23, 1866, when he was succeeded by Henry D. Washburn, who contested the election. Voorhees was elected to the Forty-first and Forty-second Congresses serving from March 4, 1869 to March 3, 1873. Voorhees was then appointed as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy brought by the death of Oliver H. P. T. Morton. Voorhees was reelected in 1885 and again in 1891. Voorhees served from November 6, 1877 to March 3, 1897. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774- Present', available at http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp] Indiana Delegation (This negotiation) , Indiana Delegation (United States Thirteenth Amendment 1863-65) , Indiana Delegation (United States Nineteenth Amendment and Edmunds Tucker Act) , Indiana Delegation (The Road to Civil War)
Henry D. Washburn Visualize "(March 28, 1832 -- January 26th 1871) Henry Dana Washburn was a tanner, currier, teacher, lawyer, county auditor, soldier, surveyor general, explorer, and American politician. Henry was born in Windsor, Vermont and moved to Vermillion County, Indiana in 1850. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1853. He was a county auditor. He enlisted (August 16, 1861) and served in the Union Army as lieutenant colonel of the 18th Regiment. He volunteered in the Indiana Volunteer Infantry where he was promoted to colonel (July 15, 1862), brevetted brigadier general of Volunteers (December 15, 1864), and major general in July 26, 1865. He mustered out August 26, 1865. He was appointed surveyor general of Montana in 1869 and in 1870 headed an expedition to find the headquarters of the Yellowstone River. He discovered Yellowstone Park, Mount Washburn Montana is named after him. He successful contested as a Republican the election of Daniel W. Voorhees to the 39th Congress. He was reelected to the 40th congress and served from February 23, 1866 to March 3, 1869, was not a candidate for renomination in 1868. [Source: 'Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 1774 - Present', available at https://bioguideretro.congress.gov/Home/MemberDetails?memIndex=W000172}" Indiana Delegation (This negotiation) , Indiana Delegation (United States Fifteenth Amendment)