United States Bill of Rights 1789

Twelve articles of amendment to the Constitution, introduced in September 1789 by Congress.

Offices of Congress


(non-voting)

Members (9):

Name Visualize Details Delegations
John Beckley Visualize (04 August 1757–08 April 1807) Clerk of the House of Representatives, mayor of Richmond, and active organizer of Republican Party in Pennsylvania After coming to Virginia from England in 1769 as an indentured servant, Beckley went on to become the first clerk of the House of Representatives and the first librarian of Congress. Prior to earning the position in Congress, he worked in various clerking jobs, including clerk of the committee of trade of the Virginia House of Delegates, clerk of the Virginia Senate, and clerk of the House of Delegates. In the 1780s, he was elected mayor of Richmond three times. He failed to win the clerkship of the Constitutional Convention but was successful in gaining the position of secretary of the Virginia ratifying convention. John Page wrote of Beckley that 'there was never a more correct and diligent clerk.' Beckley also played an important role in the establishment of the Pennsylvania Republican party by supplying Jefferson with political information and writing and circulating handbills. This role as an early party manager is arguably his most impactful role. He was appointed as the first librarian of Congress in 1802. Offices of Congress (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2020 Edition)) , Offices of Congress (This negotiation)
Thomas Claxton Visualize (Active 1789) Assistant Doorkeeper for the House. A former Federalist newspaper publisher in Albany, New York, Claxton served as Assistant Doorkeeper of the House. Offices of Congress (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2020 Edition)) , Offices of Congress (This negotiation)
Gifford Dalley Visualize (Active from 1789-1794) Doorkeeper for the House. Offices of Congress (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2020 Edition)) , Offices of Congress (This negotiation)
William Linn Visualize (1752-1808) A minister of the Collegiate Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, Linn was elected by the House as one of two Congressional chaplains in 1789. Offices of Congress (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2020 Edition)) , Offices of Congress (This negotiation)
James Mathers Visualize (1750-1811) Mathers served as Doorkeeper for the Senate from 1789-1811. Offices of Congress (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2020 Edition)) , Offices of Congress (This negotiation)
Cornelius Maxwell Visualize Messenger for the Senate Offices of Congress (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2020 Edition)) , Offices of Congress (This negotiation)
Samuel Allyne Otis Visualize (1740-1814) Defeated by Fisher Ames for a seat in the House of Representatives, Otis was successful in securing the position of secretary of the Senate, a position he held until his death in 1814. Offices of Congress (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2020 Edition)) , Offices of Congress (This negotiation)
Samuel Provoost Visualize (1742-1815) A former chaplain of the Continental Congress, Provoost was elected by the Senate as one of the chaplains of the First Congress in 1789. ['Provoost, Samuel', American National Biography] Offices of Congress (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2020 Edition)) , Offices of Congress (This negotiation)
Joseph Wheaton Visualize (1755-1828) Sergeant at Arms for the House from 1789 to 1807. Offices of Congress (United States Bill of Rights 1789 (2020 Edition)) , Offices of Congress (This negotiation)