Grand Convention at Philadelphia, May to September, 1787, Quill Project 2019 Edition.
The main chamber of the Constitutional Convention, consisting of all delegates.
To see the full record of a committee, click on the corresponding committee on the map below.
Articles XXI TO XXIII. Mode of ratification and adoption of Constitution debated. Report of the Committee on Commercial Discrimination agreed. Committee on Postponed Matters appointed.
The Council of State, instead of being formed out of the Officers of the great Departments—to consist of not less than five, nor more than seven Members, to be constituted and appointed by Law; or by 2/3ds. of the Senate, with a duration & Rotation of Office, similar to that of the Senate.
The Objects of the National Government to be expressly defined, instead of indefinite powers, under an arbitrary Constructions of general Clauses.
Laws disapproved by the Executive, not to be reinacted, but by a Majority of 2/3ds. instead of 3/4ths. of the Legislature.
No Laws, in the Nature of a Navigation Act, to be passed, but by a Majority of 2/3ds. of the Legislature.
The Duties imposed upon Imports, by the National Government, to be the same in all the States.
The Legislature to be restrained from establishing perpetual Revenue.
Laws for raising or appropriating Revenue, or fixing the Salleries of Officers, to originate in the House of Representatives.
The Members of both Houses to be ineligible to Offices under the National Government; except to Commands in the Army or Navy; their Seats to be vacated by accepting such Commands, and to be ineligible during their continuance.
The President of the united States to be ineligible a second Time.
The power of making Treaties, appointing Ambassadors &c. to be in the Senate, with the Concurrence of the Council of State—or vice versa.
The Appointment of all Offices, established by the Legislature, to be in the Executive, with the Concurrence of the Senate, or vice versa.
The power of granting pardons in the Executive not to extend to Impeachments, or to Treason—nor to preventing or staying process before Conviction & to be so expressly defined, as not, by any Construction to apply to persons convicted under the Laws & Authority of the Respective States.
The following is the Substance of a Clause, which was offered & miscarried in the Convention; it will come in very properly in the 5th. Section of the IV Article referred for reconsideration after the word except —"Bills for raising Money for the purposes of Revenue, or for appropriating the same, or for fixing the Salleries of the Officers of Government, shall originate in the House of Representatives, & shall not be so altered or amended by the Senate as to encrease or diminish the Sum to be raised, or change the Mode of raising, or to Object of its' Appropriation."