Other available views:

Guided Research Tools Calendar View PCA Analysis Topic Overview Activity Summary Current Document Library

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866

An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.

Cite as: Erica Croft, Kiana McAllister, Annabel Harris, Lauren Davis, Elizabeth Green, Louise Navarro-Cann, Mary Nelson-Hill, Mizuki Hassell, Grace Penn, Paul Calica, Matt Rands, and Nicholas P. S. Cole, United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Quill Project at Pembroke College (Oxford, 2023).

Summary View

Readers' View

A summary view for the full record of the convention

To see the full record of a committee, click on the corresponding committee on the map below.


13 historical records used for this dataset.


17 committees met in 458 sessions. Average 35.23076923076923 sessions each.

Dates from Monday, 04 December 1865 to Saturday, 02 March 1867.

Person icon People:

275 people in 28 voting delegations.

Top 5 most active people are:

Summary of person events:

  • 561 Person join icon join a committee.
  • 8 Person leave icon leave a committee.
  • 13 Person elect icon elections to a position.

Procedure icon Procedures:

2772 procedural motions considered.

Summary of procedural events:

  • 2772 Procedural motion icon procedural motion proposed.
  • 434 Debate motion icon motions debated.

Document icon Documents:

285 documents considered with 390 amendments presented.

Summary of document events:

  • 285 Create a new document proposal new documents created.
  • 226 Document copied documents passed from another committee.
  • 390 Document amended amendments to a document proposed.
  • 946 Debate a document proposal debates on a proposal.

Voting icon Decisions:

3355 number of decisions made.

Summary of decision made:

  • 1984 Vote adopt icon proposals adopted.
  • 374 Vote reject icon proposals rejected.
  • 135 Vote refer icon proposals referred to another committee.
  • 20 Postpone debate icon debate of a proposal postponed.
  • 160 Vote drop icon proposal dropped from discussion without a formal vote.
  • 62 Vote drop icon some other decision on a proposal.

List of proposals by delegation

List of proposals by person