United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866

An amendment to the Constitution of the United States that granted citizenship and equal rights, both civil and legal, to African Americans and slaves who had been emancipated by the thirteenth amendment.

Joint Committee of Fifteen on Reconstruction

A special joint committee made up of nine members from the House of Representatives six members of the Senate. This committee was formed to inquire into the condition of the states in rebellion.

To see the full record of a committee, click on the corresponding committee on the map below.

Committee Document Library View

The list of documents under consideration by committee: Joint Committee of Fifteen on Reconstruction at the end of its timeline.

Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 06 Jan 1866, 00:00

Appointment of the Sub-Committee to Wait on the President

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 06 Jan 1866, 00:00

Ordered, That the Chairman, and Messrs. Johnson and Washburne constitute said sub-committee.


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 12 Jan 1866, 10:30

Resolution on Amending the Joint Resolution

People: John A. Bingham


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 12 Jan 1866, 10:30

Appointment of the Sub-Committee on Apportionment of Representation and Constitutional Amendment

People: William P. Fessenden


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 15 Jan 1866, 11:00

Appointment of the Sub-Committee on Tennessee

People: William P. Fessenden

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 15 Jan 1866, 11:00

The Chairman announced the following as the members of the sub-committees ordered at the last meeting:


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 15 Jan 1866, 11:00

Appointment of the Sub-Committee on Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina

People: William P. Fessenden

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 15 Jan 1866, 11:00

The Chairman announced the following as the members of the sub-committees ordered at the last meeting:


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 15 Jan 1866, 11:00

Appointment of the Sub-Committee on Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Arkansas

People: William P. Fessenden

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 15 Jan 1866, 11:00

The Chairman announced the following as the members of the sub-committees ordered at the last meeting:


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 15 Jan 1866, 11:00

Appointment of the Sub-Committee on Louisiana, Florida, and Texas

People: William P. Fessenden

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 15 Jan 1866, 11:00

The Chairman announced the following as the members of the sub-committees ordered at the last meeting:


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 24 Jan 1866, 00:00

Appointment of the Sub-Committee on the Powers of Congress

People: William P. Fessenden

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 24 Jan 1866, 00:00

The Chairman appointed as the sub-committee Messrs. Bingham, Boutwell and Rogers.

Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 19 Dec 1865, 00:00

Resolution to Make the Admission of Rebellious States Conditional on Their Acceptance of Constitutional Amendment


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 09 Jan 1866, 10:00

Resolution to Keep the Proceedings of the Committee Confidential

People: William P. Fessenden


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 09 Jan 1866, 10:00

Resolution to Alter the Basis of Representation

People: William P. Fessenden


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 10 Jan 1866, 00:00

Resolutions on Congress' Role in Former Confederate States


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 10 Jan 1866, 00:00

Resolution Endorsing the President's Annual Message and Denying the Right to Secede


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 11 Jan 1866, 00:00

Resolution to Not Exclude Members of Congress from Rebellious States


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 12 Jan 1866, 10:30

Resolution to Apportion Representatives According to Voters

People: Reverdy Johnson


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 20 Jan 1866, 11:00

Report Recommending Propositions for Constitutional Amendment


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 20 Jan 1866, 11:00

Article B


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 23 Jan 1866, 00:00

Resolution to Admit Members-Elect from Rebellious States Immediately


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 24 Jan 1866, 00:00

S. Res. 23


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 27 Jan 1866, 00:00

Resolution Inquiring into the Possibility of Requiring Disloyal Citizens to Contribute to the Cost of Standing Armies


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 27 Jan 1866, 00:00

Article C


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 30 Jan 1866, 00:00

S. 106



Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 03 Feb 1866, 00:00

Mr. Howard's Constitutional Amendment

People: Jacob M. Howard


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 08 Feb 1866, 00:00

S. Res. 24


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 09 Mar 1866, 00:00

S. Res. 40


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 14 Mar 1866, 00:00

H. Res. 89


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 17 Mar 1866, 00:00

S. Res. 48


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 20 Mar 1866, 00:00

Resolutions to Protect the Freedmen in the Reorganized Rebel States


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 13 Apr 1866, 00:00

S. Res. 62


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 17 Apr 1866, 00:00

H. Res. 109


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 17 Apr 1866, 00:00

H. Res. 110


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 21 Apr 1866, 11:00

Plan of Reconstruction

People: Thaddeus Stevens


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 21 Apr 1866, 11:00

Plan of Reconstruction [As Considered by Sections]


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 23 Apr 1866, 10:00

A Bill to Provide for the Restoration to the States Lately in Insurrection of Their Full Political Rights

People: Thaddeus Stevens


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 25 Apr 1866, 10:30

Mr. Bingham's Second Constitutional Amendment

People: John A. Bingham


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

S. Res. 76


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

A Bill to Declare Certain Persons Ineligible to Office


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 29 Jan 1867, 00:00

H. R. 543


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 02 Feb 1867, 00:00

Mr. Stevens' Resolution on Reconstruction

People: Thaddeus Stevens


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 06 Feb 1867, 10:00

S. 564


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 06 Feb 1867, 10:00

S. 564 [As Amended in the Joint Committee on Reconstruction]

Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 19 Dec 1865, 00:00

Credentials of James M. Johnson


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 20 Dec 1865, 00:00

Credentials of B. Johnson Barbour


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 21 Dec 1865, 00:00

Credentials of G. H. Kyle


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 21 Dec 1865, 00:00

Certificate of Election of H. C. Warmoth


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 09 Jan 1866, 10:00

H. Res. 31


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 09 Jan 1866, 10:00

Mr. Stevens' Constitutional Amendment

People: Thaddeus Stevens


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 12 Jan 1866, 10:30

Credentials of James Farrow


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 12 Jan 1866, 10:30

Credentials of John D. Kennedy


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 12 Jan 1866, 10:30

Mr. Bingham's Constitutional Amendment

People: John A. Bingham


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 12 Jan 1866, 10:30

Mr. Stevens' Second Constitutional Amendment

People: Thaddeus Stevens


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 16 Jan 1866, 00:00

Credentials of William Byers


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 16 Jan 1866, 00:00

Memorial on the Members-Elect from Arkansas


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 16 Jan 1866, 00:00

Resolution to Amend the Constitution to Make Representation Conditional on Black Civil Rights


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 20 Jan 1866, 11:00

Article C


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 20 Jan 1866, 11:00

S. Res. 22

People: William P. Fessenden

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 20 Jan 1866, 11:00

[Editors' note: Article B had a title and resolving clause added and was reported to the Senate as S. Res. 22.]


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 20 Jan 1866, 11:00

H. Res. 51

People: Thaddeus Stevens

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 20 Jan 1866, 11:00

[Editors' note: Article B had a title and resolving clause added and was reported to the House as H. Res. 51.]


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 20 Jan 1866, 11:00

Minority Report of the Joint Committee on Reconstruction on H. Res. 51

People: Andrew J. Rogers


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 31 Jan 1866, 00:00

H. Res. 51


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 08 Feb 1866, 00:00

Credentials of Six Members-Elect from Alabama


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 10 Feb 1866, 00:00

S. Res. 30

People: William P. Fessenden

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 10 Feb 1866, 00:00

[Editors' note: Article C had a title and resolving clause added and was then reported to the Senate as S. Res. 30.]


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 10 Feb 1866, 00:00

H. Res. 63

People: Thaddeus Stevens

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 10 Feb 1866, 00:00

[Editors' note: Article C had a title and resolving clause added and was then reported to the Senate as H. Res. 63.


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 14 Feb 1866, 00:00

H. Res. 63


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

S. Res. 78

People: William P. Fessenden

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

[Editors' note: The Plan for Reconstruction was reported to the Senate as S. Res 78.]


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

H. Res. 127

People: Thaddeus Stevens

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

[Editors' note: The Plan for Reconstruction was reported to the House as H. Res. 127.]


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

S. 292

People: William P. Fessenden

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

[Editors' note: This bill was reported to the Senate as S. 292.]


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

H. R. 543

People: Thaddeus Stevens

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

[Editors' note: This bill was reported to the House of Representatives as H. R. 543.]


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

S. 293

People: William P. Fessenden

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

[Editors' note: The bill had a title added and was reported to the Senate as S. 293.]


Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

H. R. 544

People: Thaddeus Stevens

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 28 Apr 1866, 10:30

[Editors' note: The bill had a title added and was reported to the House of Representatives as H. R. 244.]



Creator event:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 06 Feb 1867, 10:00

H. R. 1143

Last decision:

United States Fourteenth Amendment & The Civil Rights Act of 1866, Date: 06 Feb 1867, 10:00

[Editors' note: S. 564 as amended was then reported to the House as H. R. 1143.]